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DoktorWeigls Ratgeber #4: Nahrungsergänzungsmittel für Muskelaufbau, Fitness & Abnehmen – verwendete Studien und Sekundärliteratur

An dieser Stelle finden Sie sämtliche Quellen, die wir für „DoktorWeigls Ratgeber #4: Nährstoffe und Nahrungsergänzungsmittel für Muskelaufbau, Fitness und Abnehmen“ für Sie ausgewertet haben.

Ausgewertete Studien

BCAA

  • Michael V. Fedewa u. a. (2019): Effect of Branched-Chain Amino Acid Supplementation on Muscle Soreness Following Exercise: A Meta-Analysis. In: Interna-tional Journal of Vitamin and Nutrition Research 85/5–6, S. 348–356.
  • Anna Gawedzka u. a. (2020): Plasma BCAA Concentrations During Exercise of Varied Intensities in Young Healthy Men – The Impact Of Endurance Training. In: PeerJ.
  • Amy J. Hector u. a. (2018): Protein Recommendations for Weight Loss in Elite Athletes: A Focus on Body Composition and Performance. In: International Journal of Nutrition, Exercise Metabolism 28/2, S. 170–177.
  • Hiroyuki Kato u. a. (2018): Branched-Chain Amino Acids Are the Primary Limiting Amino Acids in the Diets of Endurance-Trained Men after a Bout of Prolonged Exercise. In: The Journal of Nutrition 148/6, S. 925–931.
  • Faizal A. Manaf u. a. (2021): Branched-Chain Amino Acid Supplementation Improves Cycling Performance in Untrained Cyclists. In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 24/4, S. 412–417.
  • Adam D. Osmond u. a. (2019): The Effects of Leucine-Enriched Branched-Chain Amino Acid Supplementation on Recovery After High-Intensity Resistance Exercise. In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 14/8, S. 1081–1088.
  • Mathilde Simonson u. a. (2020): Protein, Amino Acids and Obesity Treatment. In: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders 21/3, S. 341–353.
  • Zahra Shakibay Novin u. a. (2018): The Weight Loss Effects of Branched Chain Amino Acids and Vitamin B6: A Randomized Controlled Trial on Obese and Overweight Women. In: International Journal of Vitamin and Nutrition Research 88/1–2, S. 80–90.
  • Trisha A. VanDusseldorp u. a. (2018): Effect of Branched-Chain Amino Acid Supplementation on Recovery Following Acute Eccentric Exercise. In: Nutrients 10/10, S. 1389.
  • Mark Waldron u. a. (2017): The Effects of Acute Branched-Chain Amino Acid Supplementation on Recovery From A Single Bout of Hypertrophy Exercise In Resistance-Trained Athletes. In: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 42/6, S. 630–636.
  • Robert R. Wolfe (2017): Branched-Chain Amino Acids and Muscle Protein Syn-thesis in Humans: Myth or Reality? In: Journal of the International Society for Sports Nutrition 14.

Beta-Alanin

  • Vincent Kelly (2018): β-Alanine: Performance Effects, Usage and Side Effects. In: British Journal of Sports Medicine 52/5, S. 311–312.
  • Bryan Saunders u. a. (2017): β-Alanine Supplementation to Improve Exercise Capacity and Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In: Brit-ish Journal of Sports Medicine 51/8, S. 658–669.
  • Priscila Berti Zanella u. a. (2017): Effects of Beta-Alanine Supplementation on Performance and Muscle Fatigue in Athletes and Non-Athletes of Different Sports: A Systematic Review. In: The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 57/9, S. 1132–1141.

Casein-Proteine

  • William Abbott u. a. (2019): Presleep Casein Protein Ingestion: Acceleration of Functional Recovery in Professional Soccer Players. In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 14/3, S. 385–391.
  • Juliana V. Costa u. a. (2021): The Acute Effects of a Relative Dose of Pre-Sleep Protein on Recovery Following Evening Resistance Exercise in Active Young Men. In: Sports 9/4, S. 44.
  • Tyler A. Churchward-Venne u. a. (2019): Myofibrillar and Mitochondrial Protein Synthesis Rates Do Not Differ in Young Men Following the Ingestion of Carbohydrate with Whey, Soy, or Leucine-Enriched Soy Protein after Con-current Resistance- and Endurance-Type Exercise. In: Journal of Nutrition 149/2, S. 210–220.
  • Kristin L. Jonvik u. a. (2019): Protein Supplementation Does Not Augment Adaptations to Endurance Exercise Training. In: Medicine and Sciences in Sports Exercise 51/10, S. 2041–2049.
  • B. Kung u. a. (2018): Effect of Milk Protein Intake and Casein-To-Whey Ratio in Breakfast Meals on Postprandial Glucose, Satiety Ratings, and Subsequent Meal Intake. In: Journal of Diary Science 101/10, S. 8688–8701.
  • Jooyoung Kim (2020): Pre-Sleep Casein Protein Ingestion: New Paradigm in Post-Exercise Recovery Nutrition. In: Physical Activity and Nutrition 24/2, S. 6–10.
  • Samantha M. Leyh u. a. (2018): Pre-Sleep Protein in Casein Supplement or Whole-Food Form Has No Impact On Resting Energy Expenditure or Hunger in Women. In: British Journal of Nutrition 120/9, S. 988–994.
  • Lise Madsen u. a. (2018): Dietary Proteins, Brown Fat, and Adiposity. In: Frontriers in Physiology.
  • Tanja Oosthuyse u. a. (2021): Carbohydrate-Restricted Exercise With Protein Increases Self-Selected Training Intensity in Female Cyclists but Not Male Runners and Cyclists. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 35/6, S. 1547–1558.
  • Maryam Pourabbas u. a. (2021): Strategic Ingestion of High-Protein Dairy Milk during a Resistance Training Program Increases Lean Mass, Strength, and Power in Trained Young Males. In: Nutrients 13/3, S. 948.

Eisen

  • Alexandra Coates u. a. (2017): Incidence of Iron Deficiency and Iron Defi-cient Anemia in Elite Runners and Triathletes. In: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 27/5, S. 493–498.
  • James P. McClung u. a. (2019): Iron, Zinc, and Physical Performance. In: Bio-logical Trace Element Research 188/1, S. 135–139.
  • Josefine Nebl u. a. (2019): Micronutrient Status of Recreational Runners with Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. In: Nutrients 11/5, S. 1146.
  • Charles R. Pedlar u. a. (2018): Iron Balance and Iron Supplementation For The Female Athlete: A Practical Approach. In: European Journal of Sport Sci-ence 18/2, S. 295–305.
  • Laura M. Pompano & Jere D. Haas (2019): Increasing Iron Status through Dietary Supplementation in Iron-Depleted, Sedentary Women Increases Endurance Performance at Both Near-Maximal and Submaximal Exercise Intensi-ties. In: Journal of Nutrition 149/2, S. 231–239.
  • Gurseen Rakhra u. a. (2021): Effect of Endurance Training on Copper, Zinc, Iron and Magnesium Status. In: The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 61/9, S. 1273-1280.
  • Richard A. Stecker u. a. (2019): Timing of Ergogenic Aids and Micronutrients on Muscle and Exercise Performance. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 16.

Energy Drinks

  • Nanci S. Guest u. a. (2021): International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: Caffeine and Exercise Performance. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 18.
  • John Higgins u. a. (2018): Energy Drinks: A Contemporary Issues Paper. In: Current Sports Medicine Reports 17/2, S. 65–72.
  • Jorge Gutiérrez-Hellín & David Varillas-Delgado (2021): Energy Drinks and Sports Performance, Cardiovascular Risk, and Genetic Associations; Future Prospects. In: Nutrients 13/3, S. 715.
  • Sergio L. Jiménez u. a. (2021): Caffeinated Drinks and Physical Performance in Sport: A Systematic Review. In: Nutrients 13/9, S. 2944.
  • Diego B. Souza u. a. (2017): Acute Effects of Caffeine-Containing Energy Drinks on Physical Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In: European Journal of Nutrition 56/1, S. 13–27.
  • Kate A. Wickham & Lawrence L. Spriet (2018): Administration of Caffeine in Alternate Forms. In: Sports Medicine 48 (Suppl. 1), S. 79–91.

Koffein

  • Gretchen A. Casazza u. a. (2018): Energy Availability, Macronutrient Intake, and Nutritional Supplementation for Improving Exercise Performance in Endurance Athletes. In: Current Sports Medicine Reports 17/6, S. 215–223.
  • Hou-Yu Chen u. a. (2019): Effects Of Caffeine And Sex On Muscle Performance And Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness After Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: A Double-Blind Randomized Trial. In: Journal of Applied Physiology 127(3), S. 798-805.
  • Renalison Farias-Pereira u. a. (2019): Mechanisms of Action of Coffee Bioactive Components on Lipid Metabolism. In: Food Science and Biotechnology 28/5, S. 1287–1296.
  • Jozo Grgic u. a. (2018): Effects of Caffeine Intake on Muscle Strength and Power: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis. In: The International Society of Sports Nutrition 15.
  • Jozo Grgic u. a. (2019): The Influence of Caffeine Supplementation on Resistance Exercise: A Review. In: Sports Medicine 49/1, S. 17–30.
  • Nanci S. Guest u. a. (2021): International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: Caffeine and Exercise Performance. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 18.
  • D. Icken u. a. (2016): Caffeine Intake is Related to Successful Weight Loss Maintenance. In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 70/4, S. 532–534.
  • Ariel Lee u. a. (2019): Coffee Intake and Obesity: A Meta-Analysis. In: Nutri-ents 11/6, S. 1274.
  • Laís Monteiro Rodrigues Loureiro u. a. (2018): Effects of Coffee Components on Muscle Glycogen Recovery: A Systematic Review. In: International Jour-nal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 28/3, S. 284–293.
  • Jeffrey A. Rothschild & David J. Bishop (2020): Effects of Dietary Supplements on Adaptations to Endurance Training. In: Sports Medicine 50/1, S. 25–53.
  • Kyle Southward u. a. (2018): The Effect of Acute Caffeine Ingestion on Endurance Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In: Sports Medicine 48/8, S. 1913–1928.
  • Kenneth Vitale & Andrew Getzin (2019): Nutrition and Supplement Update for the Endurance Athlete: Review and Recommendations. In: Nutrients 11/6, S. 1289.

Kohlenhydrate

  • Abdullah F. Alghannam u. a. (2018): Restoration of Muscle Glycogen and Functional Capacity: Role of Post-Exercise Carbohydrate and Protein Co-Ingestion. In: Nutrients 10/2, S. 253.
  • Louise M. Burke u. a. (2021): Adaptation to a Low Carbohydrate High Fat Diet Is Rapid But Impairs Endurance Exercise Metabolism and Performance Despite Enhanced Glycogen Availability. In: The Journal of Physiology 599/3, S. 771–790.
  • Mark A. Hearris u. a. (2018): Regulation of Muscle Glycogen Metabolism during Exercise: Implications for Endurance Performance and Training Adaptations. In: Nutrients 10/3, S. 298.
  • Jeffrey A. Rothschild u. a. (2020): What Should I Eat before Exercise? Pre-Exercise Nutrition and the Response to Endurance Exercise: Current Prospective and Fu-ture Directions. In: Nutrients 12/11, S. 3473.

Kreatin

  • Douglas Almeida u. a. (2020): Creatine Supplementation Improves Perfor-mance, but Is It Safe? Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study. In: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 60/7, S 1034–1039.
  • Mojtaba Kaviani u. a. (2020): Benefits of Creatine Supplementation for Vegetarians Compared to Omnivorous Athletes: A Systematic Review. In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17/9.
  • Richard B. Kreider u. a. (2017): International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: Safety and Efficacy of Creatine Supplementation in Exercise, Sport, and Medicine. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.
  • Charlotte Lanhers u. a. (2017): Creatine Supplementation and Upper Limb Strength Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In: Sports Med-icine 47/1, S. 163–173.
  • Juan Mielgo-Ayuso u. a. (2019): Effects of Creatine Supplementation on Athletic Performance in Soccer Players: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In: Nu-trients 11/4, S. 757.
  • Scotty Mills u. a. (2020): Effects of Creatine Supplementation during Resistance Training Sessions in Physically Active Young Adults. In: Nutrients 12/6, S. 1880.
  • Chia-Chi Wang u. a. (2018): Effects of 4-Week Creatine Supplementation Combined with Complex Training on Muscle Damage and Sport Performance. In: Nutrients 10/11, S. 1640.

L-Arginin

  • Walquiria Batista Andrade u. a. (2018): L-Arginine Supplementation Does not Improve Muscle Function During Recovery from Resistance Exercise. In: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 43/9, S. 928–936.
  • Arash Dastabi u. a. (2016): Oral L-Arginine Administration Improves Anthropo-metric and Biochemical Indices Associated with Cardiovascular Diseases in Obese Patients: A Randomized, Single Blind Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial. In: Research in Cardiovascular Medicine 5/1.
  • Siavash Fazelian u. a. (2014): Effects of L-Arginine Supplementation on Antioxidant Status and Body Composition in Obese Patients with Pre-Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. In: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin 4 (Suppl. 1), S. 449–454.
  • Claudia M. Meirelles & Cristiane Matsuura (2018): Acute Supplementation of L-Arginine Affects neither Strength Performance nor Nitric Oxide Production. In: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 58/3, S. 216–220.
  • Seyed Mohammad Mousavi u. a. (2021): The Effect of L-Arginine Supplementation on Obesity-Related Indices: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. In: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Re-search 91/1–2, S. 164–174.
  • Naseh Pahlavani u. a. (2017): The Effect of L-Arginine Supplementation on Body Composition and Performance in Male Athletes: A Double-Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial. In: 71/4, S. 544–548.
  • Pedro L. Valenzuela u. a. (2019): Supplements with Purported Effects on Muscle Mass and Strength. In: European Journal of Nutrition 58/8, S. 2983–3008.

L-Carnitin

  • Moein Askarpour u. a. (2020): Beneficial Effects of L-Carnitine Supplementation for Weight Management in Overweight and Obese Adults: An Updated Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. In: Pharmacological Research 151.
  • Roger Fieldings u. a. (2018): L-Carnitine Supplementation in Recovery after Exer-cise. In: Nutrients 10/3, S. 349.
  • Antonio Gnoni u. a. (2020): Carnitine in Human Muscle Bioenergetics: Can Carnitine Supplementation Improve Physical Exercise? In: Molecules 25/1, S. 182.
  • Angelika K. Sawicka u. a. (2020): The Bright and the Dark Sides of L-Carnitine Supplementation: A Systematic Review. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 17/1, S. 49.
  • Nasir Talenezhad u. a. (2020): Effects of L-Carnitine Supplementation on Weight Loss and Body Composition: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 37 Ran-domized Controlled Clinical Trials with Dose-Response Analysis. In: Clinical Nutri-tion ESPEN 37, S. 9–23.
  • Habib Yarizadh u. a. (2020): The Effect of L-Carnitine Supplementation on Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Ran-domized Clinical Trials. In: Journal of the American College of Nutrition 39/5, S. 457–468.

L-Glutamin

  • Amirhossein Ramezani Ahmadi u. a. (2019): The Effect of Glutamine Supplementation on Athletic Performance, Body Composition, and Immune Function: A Systematic Review and a Meta-Analysis of Clinical Trials. In: Clinical Nutrition 38/3, S. 1076–1091.
  • Audrey Yule Coqueiro u. a. (2019): Glutamine as an Anti-Fatigue Amino Acid in Sports Nutrition. In: Nutrients 11/4, S. 863.
  • Jamie N. Pugh u. a. (2017): Glutamine Supplementation Reduces Markers of Intestinal Permeability During Running in the Heat in a Dose-Dependent Manner. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology 117/12, S. 2569–2677.

Nitrate

  • Jorge Lorenzo Calvo u. a. (2020): Influence of Nitrate Supplementation on Endurance Cyclic Sports Performance: A Systematic Review. In: Nutrients 12/6, S. 1796.
  • Chloe Gao u. a. (2021): The Effects of Dietary Nitrate Supplementation on Endurance Exercise Performance and Cardiorespiratory Measures in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 18/1, S. 55.
  • Nicholas F. McMahon u. a. (2017): The Effect of Dietary Nitrate Supplementation on Endurance Exercise Performance in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In: Sports Medicine 47/4, S. 735–756.
  • Jeffrey A. Rothschild & David J. Bishop (2020): Effects of Dietary Supplements on Adaptations to Endurance Training, In: Sports Medicine 50/1, S. 25–53.
  • Kenneth Vitale & Andrew Getzin u. a. (2019): Nutrition and Supplement Update for the Endurance Athlete: Review and Recommendations. In: Nutrients 11/6, S. 1289.

Omega-3-Fettsäuren

  • Kembra Albracht-Schulte u. a. (2018): Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome: A Mechanistic Update. In: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 58, S. 1–16.
  • James J. DiNicolantonio u. a. (2017): Good Fats versus Bad Fats: A Comparison of Fatty Acids in the Promotion of Insulin Resistance, Inflammation, and Obesity. In: Missouri Medicine 114/4, S. 303–307.
  • Maria Alessandra Gammone u. a. (2018): Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: Benefits and Endpoints in Sport. In: Nutrients 11/1, S. 46.
  • Nishan Sudheera Kalupahana u. a. (2020): Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Adi-pose Tissue: Inflammation and Browning. In: Annual Review of Nutrition 40, S. 25–49.
  • Jordan D. Philpott u. a. (2019): Applications of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Supplementation for Sport Performance. In: Research in Sports Med-icine 27/2, S. 219–237.
  • Eric S. Rawson u. a. (2018): Dietary Supplements for Health, Adaptation, and Recovery in Athletes. In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism 28/2, S. 188–199.
  • Artemis P. Simopoulos u. a. (2016): An Increase in the Omega-6/Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ratio Increases the Risk for Obesity. In: Nutrients 8/3, S. 128.
  • Frank Thielecke u. a. (2020): Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Sport Performance – Are They Equally Beneficial for Athletes and Amateurs? A Narrative Review. In: Nutrients 12/12, S. 3712.
  • Yingying Zhang u. a. (2017): Efficacy of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Supplementation in Managing Overweight and Obesity: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging 21/2, S. 187–192.

Protein-/Energieriegel

  • Douglas R. Bolster u. a. (2018): Consuming Lower-Protein Nutrition Bars with Added Leucine Elicits Postprandial Changes in Appetite Sensations in Healthy Women. In: The Journal of Nutrition 148/5, S. 693–701.
  • Mathilde Guillochon & David S. Rowlands (2017): Solid, Gel, and Liquid Carbohydrate Format Effects on Gut Comfort and Performance. In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 27/3, S. 247–254.
  • Tyler J. Grubic u. a. (2019): Comparison of Ingesting a Food Bar Containing Whey Protein and Isomalto-Oligosaccharides to Carbohydrate on Performance and Recovery from an Acute Bout of Resistance-Exercise and Sprint Conditioning: An Open Label, Randomized, Counterbalanced, Crossover Pilot Study. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 16/1, S. 34.
  • Franklin Lime-Ma u. a. (2016): The Effect of Acute Hyperglycemia on Muscu-lar Strength, Power and Endurance. In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exer-cise 48/5, S. 538.
  • A. Miall u. a. (2018): Two Weeks of Repetitive Gut-Challenge Reduce Exercise-Associated Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Malabsorption. In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 28/2, S. 630–640.
  • Valentine Yanchou Njike u. a. (2017): Snacking, Satiety, and Weight: A Ran-domized, Controlled Trial. In: American Journal of Health Promotion 31/4, S. 296–301.

Soja-Proteine

  • Rylee T. Ahnen u. a. (2019): Role of Plant Protein in Nutrition, Wellness, and Health. In: Nutrition Reviews 77/11, S. 735–747.
  • Tyler A. Churchward-Venne u. a. (2019): Myofibrillar and Mitochondrial Protein Synthesis Rates Do not Differ in Young Men Following the Ingestion of Carbohydrate with Whey, Soy, or Leucine-Enriched Soy Protein after Concurrent Resistance- and Endurance-Type Exercise. In: Journal of Nutrition 149/2, S. 210–220.
  • Savvas Kritikos u. a. (2021): Effect of Whey vs. Soy Protein Supplementation on Recovery Kinetics Following Speed Endurance Training in Competitive Male Soccer Players: A Randomized Controlled Trial. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 18/1, S. 23.
  • Heidi M. Lynch u. a. (2020): No Significant Differences in Muscle Growth and Strength Development when Consuming Soy and Whey Protein Supplements Matched for Leucine Following a 12 Week Resistance Training Program in Men and Women: A Randomized Trial. In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17/11, S. 3871.
  • Mark Messina u. a. (2018): No Difference between the Effects of Supplementing with Soy Protein versus Animal Protein on Gains in Muscle Mass and Strength in Response to Resistance Exercise. In: International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 28/6, S. 674–685.
  • Suelen Maiara Medeiros da Silva u. a. (2019): Comparison of the Effects of Soy Protein and Whey Protein Supplementation during Exercise: a Systematic Review. In: Journal of Health Sciences 21/4.
  • Shiho Nakai u. a. (2020): Health Promotion Effects of Soy Isoflavones. In: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 66/6, S. 502–507.
  • Martin Röhling u. a. (2021): Continuous Protein Supplementation Reduces Acute Exercise-Induced Stress Markers in Athletes Performing Marathon. In: Nutrients 13/9, S. 2929.
  • Kristin J. Speaker u. a. (2018): Effects of Consuming a High-Protein Diet with or without Soy Protein during Weight Loss and Maintenance: A non-Inferiority, Randomized Clinical Efficacy Trial. In: Obesity Science & Practice 4/4, S. 357–366.

Sportgetränke

  • Cas J. Fuchs u. a. (2019): Fructose Co-Ingestion to Increase Carbohydrate Availability in Athletes. In: The Journal of Physiology 597/14, S. 3549–3560.
  • Danniela García-Berger u. a. (2020): Effects of Skim Milk and Isotonic Drink Consumption before Exercise on Fluid Homeostasis and Time-Trial Performance in Cyclists: A Randomized Cross-Over Study. In: Journal of the Inter-national Society of Sports Nutrition 17/1, S. 17.
  • Martin Pöchmüller u. a. (2016): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Carbohydrate Benefits Associated with Randomized Controlled Competition-Based Performance Trials. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 13, S. 27.

Taurin

  • Tindaro Bongiovanni u. a. (2020): Nutritional Interventions for Reducing the Signs and Symptoms of Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage and Accelerate Recovery in Athletes: Current Knowledge, Practical Application and Future Perspectives. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology 120, S. 1965–1996.
  • Qi Chen u. a. (2021): The Dose Response of Taurine on Aerobic and Strength Exercises: A Systematic Review. In: Frontiers in Physiology.
  • Jennifer A. Kurtz u. a. (2021): Taurine in Sports and Exercise. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 18/1, S. 39.
  • Yanita McLeay u. a. (2017): The Effect of Taurine on the Recovery from Eccentric Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage in Males. In: Antioxidants 6/4, S. 79.
  • Lee Kevin Page u. a. (2019): Acute Taurine Supplementation Enhances Thermoregulation and Endurance Cycling Performance in the Heat. In: European Journal of Sport Science 19/8, S. 1101–1109.
  • Mark Waldron u. a. (2018): The Effects of an Oral Taurine Dose and Supplementation Period on Endurance Exercise Performance in Humans: A Meta-Analysis. In: Sports Medicine 48/5, S. 1247–1253.
  • Mark Waldron u. a. (2018): The Effects of Taurine on Repeat Sprint Cycling After Low or High Cadence Exhaustive Exercise in Females. In: Amino Acids 50/5, S. 663–669.

Whey Proteine

  • Tyler A. Churchward-Venne u. a. (2019): Myofibrillar and Mitochondrial Protein Synthesis Rates Do not Differ in Young Men Following the Ingestion of Carbohydrate with Whey, Soy, or Leucine-Enriched Soy Protein after Concurrent Resistance- and Endurance-Type Exercise. In: Journal of Nutrition 149/2, S. 210–220.
  • Robert W. Davies u. a. (2018): The Effect of Whey Protein Supplementation on the Temporal Recovery of Muscle Function Following Resistance Training: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In: Nutrients 10/2, S. 221.
  • Wesley D. Dudgeon u. a. (2017): Effect of Whey Protein in Conjunction with a Caloric-Restricted Diet and Resistance Training. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 31/5, S. 1353–1631.
  • Scott C. Forbes & Gordon J. Bell (2019): Whey Protein Isolate Supplementation While Endurance Training Does not Alter Cycling Performance or Immune Responses at Rest or after Exercise. In: Frontiers in Nutrition 19.
  • Scott. C. Forbes u. a. (2020): Whey Protein Isolate or Concentrate Combined With Concurrent Training Does not Augment Performance, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, or Strength Adaptations. In: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 60/2, S. 832–840.
  • Luuk Hilkens u. a. (2021): Whey Protein Supplementation Does not Accelerate Recovery from a Single Bout of Eccentric Exercise. In: Journal of Sports Sciences 39/3, S. 322–331.
  • Wen-Ching Huang u. a. (2017): Whey Protein Improves Marathon-Induced Injury and Exercise Performance in Elite Track Runners. In: International Journal of Medical Science 14/7, S. 648–654.
  • Heidi M. Lynch u. a. (2020): No Significant Differences in Muscle Growth and Strength Development When Consuming Soy and Whey Protein Supplements Matched for Leucine Following a 12 Week Resistance Training Program in Men and Women: A Randomized Trial. In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17/11, S. 3871.
  • Mads S. Larsen u. a. (2020): Effects of Protein Intake Prior to Carbohydrate-Restricted Endurance Exercise: A Randomized Crossover Trial. In: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 17/1, S. 7.
  • Meng Li & Feng Liu (2019): Effect of Whey Protein Supplementation during Resistance Training Sessions on Body Mass and Muscular Strength: A Meta-Analysis. In: Food & Function 10, S. 2766–2773.
  • Alistair Monteyne u. a. (2018): Whey Protein Consumption After Resistance Exercise Reduces Energy Intake at a Post-Exercise Meal. In: European Jour-nal of Nutrition 57/2, S. 585–592.
  • Diego Moreno-Pérez u. a. (2018): Effect of a Protein Supplement on the Gut Microbiota of Endurance Athletes: A Randomized, Controlled, Double-Blind Pilot Study. In: Nutrients 10/3, S. 337.
  • David C. Nieman u. a. (2020): Effects of Whey and Pea Protein Supplementation on Post-Eccentric Exercise Muscle Damage: A Randomized Trial. In: Nutrients 12/8, S. 2382.
  • Quezia D. J. S. Vasconcelos u. a. (2021): Whey Protein Supplementation and its Potentially Adverse Effects on Health: a Systematic Review. In: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 46/1, S. 27–33.
  • Kamonkiat Wirunsawanya u. a. (2018): Whey Protein Supplementation Improves Body Composition and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Overweight and Obese Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In: Journal of the American College of Nutrition 37/1, S. 60–70.

Ei-, Erbsen- und Reis-Proteine

  • Amy Banaszek u. a. (2019): The Effects of Whey vs. Pea Protein on Physical Adaptations Following 8-Weeks of High-Intensity Functional Training (HIFT): A Pilot Study. In: Sports 7/1, S. 12.
  • Jean-Frédéric Brun u. a. (2018): Purified Egg Protein Supplementation Has Beneficial Effects on Body Composition, Metabolism and Eating Behavior and Results in a More Sustained Weight Loss than Low Fat Diet. In: Integrative Obesity and Diabetes.
  • Jordan M. Joy u. a. (2013): The Effects of 8 Weeks of Whey or Rice Protein Supplementation on Body Composition and Exercise Performance. In: Nutri-tion Journal.
  • Chad M. Kerksick u. a. (2021): Plant Proteins and Exercise: What Role Can Plant Proteins Have in Promoting Adaptations to Exercise? In: Nutrients 13/6, S. 1962.
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